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Arrival In The Early 13th Century
The Coming Of The Sunnah Movement In The 19th Century
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Arrival Of Islam To Malay Peninsular

Arrival In The Early 13th Century

1. Islam arrived in the Malay Islands of the far east, with the coming of da'ei and Muslim traders, the good majority of them originating from Yemmen and Hadharulmaut. It is significant to mention that these groups were much inclined towards the teachings of the mazhabs and sufism, particularly towards that of the Imam as-Syafie, with traces of Syiah Zaidiyah. Sufism meanwhile, the emphasises the attainment spiritual perfection. (Tasawuf Bitiniyyah).
2. The Islam that arrived in the Malay archipelago has been traced through Gujerat in India, and then on to Acheh, at the northern tip of Sumatera, then to Melacca. It is also believed that Islam also arrived through Yunan, then to Champa before it reached the Kelantan shore in Peninsular Malaysia. It is inevitable therefore, the teachings that finally reached our shores, bear with it, a not insignificant, traces of other practices, such as that of Hinduism. Among the examples of this "brand" of Islam i.e. that with elements of sufism and non-compliance with confirmed traditions of the Prophet, Muhammad (SAW), like the Khawarij, Syiah, Murji'ah, Muktazilah, and indeed those with clear traces of Hindu and Buddhist influence, are:-
2.1 From archeological and traditional prespective:-
i. From archeological and traditional prespective:- .
ii. The use of generous use of sanskrit terms like sri, raja and maharaja.
iii. The elaborate use of Buddhism and Hinduism related colours, like yellow.
2.2 From the aqidah perspective:-
i. Khawarij Traditions - sinners are condemned as infidels .
ii. Muktazilah Traditions - Attributing the qualities of Allah not in accordance with what Allah has described Himself. Rather, these people rely solely on logic, and without consideration to the proofs as contained in the Quraan and the Traditions of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW). e.g. the hand of Allah, is being interpreted as the strength of Allah.
iii. Syiah Traditions - (In certain instances) they outright condemnation of some of the sahabahs.
iv. Murji'ah Traditions - Continuing with sinful acts has no relevence with iman , for as long as the sinner is kind.
2.3 From the perspective of jurisprudence:-
i. The traditionally held ceremonies that mark the first, the seventh, the fortieth and the hundredth day of someone's passing on, the belief that the spirit of the dead loved ones coming to visit the family, or even the meeting with the spirits of the dead, (even if only in dreams) are without doubt, segments of Hindu beliefs.
ii. Holding the (so called) religious ceremonies that was never practiced by RasulAllah (SAW). Examples are the Prophet's birthday and the Nisfu Sya'aban.
iii. Performing optional prayers that was never the practice of RasulAllah (SAW)
iv. Seeking "blessings" in what is traditionally referred to as the "tepung tawar" ritual.
3. It was this adulterated form of Islam that actually arrived on our shores in the early 13th century. Sadly, it is also this same form that was eventually accepted, practiced and, most of all, taken to be form that was brought by the Prophet Muhammad (SAW), until this very day.
4. The arrival of the Portuguese in 1511 did not help matters, vis-a-vis Islam as a way of life, as it adds on to it yet another element. That of Christianity.
5. The Dutch occupied Malacca in 1641
6. The British took over in 1824.
7. The British left the Malay archipelago briefly and returned after World War II. They deemed it expedient to revolutionise the way the locals were being educated. Out were the Arabic and the jawi scriptures, in was English (as a language) and all its trappings. Streaming was also introduced where the cream amongst the students were put in the "English" medium, whilst the less "creamy" were left to the learning of, amongst others, Islamic knowledge. The most significant impact of this policy (in so far as Islam was concerned) was the fading off, of the learning of the jawi script. The nett result? The average Muslims can no longer read (much less understand) the Quraan and the countless numbers of religious books, all of which were written in jawi.

The anglisising of what little there was of the local education system, was complete.
8. Ditto by the Dutch in Indonesia!