Of Islam To Malay Peninsular
In The Early 13th Century
||Islam arrived in the Malay
Islands of the far east, with the coming of da'ei
and Muslim traders, the good majority of them
originating from Yemmen and Hadharulmaut. It is
significant to mention that these groups were
much inclined towards the teachings of the mazhabs
and sufism, particularly towards that of the Imam
as-Syafie, with traces of Syiah Zaidiyah. Sufism
meanwhile, the emphasises the attainment spiritual
perfection. (Tasawuf Bitiniyyah).
||The Islam that arrived in the
Malay archipelago has been traced through Gujerat
in India, and then on to Acheh, at the northern
tip of Sumatera, then to Melacca. It is also believed
that Islam also arrived through Yunan, then to
Champa before it reached the Kelantan shore in
Peninsular Malaysia. It is inevitable therefore,
the teachings that finally reached our shores,
bear with it, a not insignificant, traces of other
practices, such as that of Hinduism. Among the
examples of this "brand" of Islam i.e.
that with elements of sufism and non-compliance
with confirmed traditions of the Prophet, Muhammad
(SAW), like the Khawarij, Syiah, Murji'ah, Muktazilah,
and indeed those with clear traces of Hindu and
Buddhist influence, are:-
||From archeological and traditional
||From archeological and
traditional prespective:- .
||The use of generous use
of sanskrit terms like sri, raja and maharaja.
||The elaborate use of
Buddhism and Hinduism related colours, like
||From the aqidah perspective:-
||Khawarij Traditions -
sinners are condemned as infidels .
- Attributing the qualities of Allah not
in accordance with what Allah has described
Himself. Rather, these people rely solely
on logic, and without consideration to the
proofs as contained in the Quraan and the
Traditions of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW).
e.g. the hand of Allah, is being
interpreted as the strength of Allah.
||Syiah Traditions - (In
certain instances) they outright condemnation
of some of the sahabahs.
||Murji'ah Traditions -
Continuing with sinful acts has no relevence
with iman , for as long as the sinner
||From the perspective of jurisprudence:-
||The traditionally held
ceremonies that mark the first, the seventh,
the fortieth and the hundredth day of someone's
passing on, the belief that the spirit of
the dead loved ones coming to visit the
family, or even the meeting with the spirits
of the dead, (even if only in dreams) are
without doubt, segments of Hindu beliefs.
||Holding the (so called)
religious ceremonies that was never practiced
by RasulAllah (SAW). Examples are the Prophet's
birthday and the Nisfu Sya'aban.
||Performing optional prayers
that was never the practice of RasulAllah
in what is traditionally referred to as
the "tepung tawar" ritual.
||It was this adulterated form
of Islam that actually arrived on our shores in
the early 13th century. Sadly, it is also this
same form that was eventually accepted, practiced
and, most of all, taken to be form that was brought
by the Prophet Muhammad (SAW), until this very
||The arrival of the Portuguese
in 1511 did not help matters, vis-a-vis Islam
as a way of life, as it adds on to it yet another
element. That of Christianity.
||The Dutch occupied Malacca
||The British took over in 1824.
||The British left the Malay
archipelago briefly and returned after World War
II. They deemed it expedient to revolutionise
the way the locals were being educated. Out were
the Arabic and the jawi scriptures, in was English
(as a language) and all its trappings. Streaming
was also introduced where the cream amongst the
students were put in the "English" medium,
whilst the less "creamy" were left to
the learning of, amongst others, Islamic knowledge.
The most significant impact of this policy (in
so far as Islam was concerned) was the fading
off, of the learning of the jawi script. The nett
result? The average Muslims can no longer read
(much less understand) the Quraan and the countless
numbers of religious books, all of which were
written in jawi.
The anglisising of what little there was of
the local education system, was complete.
||Ditto by the Dutch in Indonesia!